Contracts For Differences (CFDs) are contracts between an investor and a company. The trader may buy or sell to the company, under the stipulation of the contract. When the contract has ended, the parties exchange the differences between the opening and closing trade prices. These types of contracts are always settled in cash. Physical goods, products or securities are never a means of payment.
What Can Be Traded In A CFD?
In CFDs, investors can benefit from price movements without owning a single asset. Traders benefit from the value of underlying assets. Some of these assets include; shares, cryptocurrencies, equities, indices, commodities among others. Most investors focus mostly on assets and shares and invest using buying and holding strategies.
Leverage In Contracts For Difference
There are many aspects and techniques used in trading and each method has its advantages. CFDs have many unique points but one of their main benefits is the ability to use leverage to gain market exposure while only committing a small deposit.
Leverage is the ability to gain full access to the markets’ shares without paying for the full value. In essence, it allows investors to benefit from borrowed funds such that their trading positions are much higher than what their investment (cash band) is.
Leverage is only made available to those who pay for positions upfront. Investors must first put down a deposit (which is a percentage of the actual value of the shares) to enjoy the benefits of leverage.
Leverages are not without risk. They can amplify your profits but they can also equally do the same with losses.
Costs Of Contracts For Differences
An account with open positions will be charged with a holding cost at the end of any trading day. These costs can be positive or negative depending on holding rates and the direction of the account position.
The difference between the buying and the selling points is referred to as the spread. This difference has to be paid. An investor should opt for a borrower spread since price moments don’t need to shift too far before making a profit.
Market Data Fees
This is the fee charged to any investor seeking to trade within the CFD market or even view the relevant data.
When trading with shares, then commissions must be paid.
Advantages of Trading CFDs
- They offer a wide range of assets. This gives investors the benefits of choosing assets based on their preferences.
- The cost of entering the market is not high. Since investors only need to put up a deposit, the market is relatively easy to penetrate.
- CFDs are unique and the margins they produce are also good this means it will attract many investors globally. Luckily, the majority of CFD brokers offer their products and services in all the major markets of the world. This gives investors the access they need round the clock and it also gives them the freedom to trade from anywhere and at any time.
- CFD brokers also offer the same types of orders that other traditional brokers do. Some of these orders include; limits and stops even contingent orders like “if done”. Often these services are offered at no extra cost.
- Investors can trade in CFD while enjoying every benefit and taking all the risks involved in owning a security without owning it. Investors also don’t have to take any physical products. Contracts are settled in cash.
Disadvantages of CFDs
- CFDs are illegal in certain regions. Investors should make sure they research the laws surrounding this kind of trading in their region before deciding to invest.
- The high-risk factor of CFDs is what keeps most potential traders at bay. Any investor must closely monitor each trade to ensure maximum benefits and minimum losses. It is easy for traders to lose everything, especially beginners, and have your position closed, leaving you with liability.
- The CFD market is not closely regulated. It, therefore, takes a lot of investigating to determine which brokers are legitimate and credible. Before any account is opened make sure you know the reputation of the broker.
CFDs have their benefits and their demerits. Like all forms of trading, it has its risks. It is not a suitable option for those with low-risk tolerance. It is commonly used among experts in the industry and even considered an advanced strategy in trading. Despite the high risks, the benefits can be quite good.